Norwegian army mobilization
On this page I list all mobilized Norwegian army units in south Norway (south of Trondheim) that I have been able to identify, and with various degrees of detail. The units are listed under the area where they were first set up. Some info around the mobilization in each area is also given.
Within D.K.1 (1st District Command)
The 1st District command was divided into two parts by the Oslofjord. Oslo was a special case, where units belonging to both 1st and 2nd district had their depots. The Oslo area will be described under D.K.2.
East of Oslofjord
commander: generalmajor C.J. Erichsen
1.Divisjon school (11 off, ? pupils, ? LMG, 3 HMG, 1 mortar)
commander: captain Fritzner
2.Divisjon school (7 off, 87 pupils, 9 LMG)
commander: captain A.T. Sunde
I.R.1 (Infantry Regiment 1)
Regimental staff I.R.1
commander: major J.T. Hagle
mobilized more or less according to plan at Borgenhaugen, east Fredrikstad, where the depots at Fredrikstad had been evacuated to on 9.April.
commander: major Frøholm
mobilized more or less according to plan at Hafslund farm, east Fredrikstad, where the depots at Fredrikstad had been evacuated to on 9.April.
commander: oberstlt. Haneborg
organized around the Landverns (local defense) battalion of IR1.
commander: captain Sunde
Skolebataljonen (school battalion)
Under formation near Mysen with the personnel from the schools of 1.Div and 2.Div as nucleus, when the Germans overran the area on 13.April.
commander: captain Fritzner
A.R.1 (Artillery Regiment 1) at Ski
II/AR1 was already mobilized as part of the neutrality
defense, and was stationed outside Fredrikstad when the invasion came.
commander: major Sevaldson
- stabsbatt. (staff battery)
commander: captain Fjeld
- btt.3 (13 off, 121 men)
commander: captain Østbye
- btt.4 (10 off, 121 men)
commander: captain Graff
- btt.5 (134 off and men)
commander: captain Sæhlie
Improvised mobilization from personnel and equipment mainly from I/A.R.1 at Ski, and units detached from other formations. Began set up at Ski 9.April but evacuated to Askim during the day, where set up continued to 12.April. The organization of the detachment varied considerably as unis were detached to it and then recalled. The units listed below were part of the detachment through the battle, and all but group Gleditch were set up at Askim.
commander: major Refsum
- bridge groups; five bridge groups were set up in Askim, to defend the bridges over river Glaama.
On the morning of 12.April they had the following strengths:
+ Solbergfoss: 5 leaders, 73 men, 3 HMG
+ Langenes: 6 leaders, 65 men, 2 HMG
+ Fossum: 10 leaders, 120 men, 8 HMG
+ Kykkelsrud: 4 leaders, 40 men, 2 HMG
+ Vamma: 4 leaders, 40 men, 2 HMG
- Motorized 7.5cm gun half-battery.
commander: captain R. Nordlie
- reserve group
commander: major C. Munthe-Kaas
- Group Gleditch; detached from IR1.
commander: captain Gleditsch
Set up began on 10.April. Only a fraction of listed personnel turned up (ca 50%). Most of the vehicles for the motorized artillery could not be collected (should be requisitioned from civilian trucks).
commander: oberstlt. Rodtwitt
commander: major Sødring
The two 12cm guns in turrets were ready on 12.April evening. The rest of the fortress artillery were not readied before the capitulation on 14.April. Mainly due to lack of personnel.
commander: captain Stenersen
The two 12 cm guns in turrets and two 7.5cm guns in turrets were ready on 11.April evening.
Motorized 12cm howitzer battalion
Mobilized at Høytorp with reduced personnel, lack of vehicles, and five of the eight howitzers. They could however not get any sharp ammunition, and were thus unable to participate in the fighting.
Motorized 10.5cm gun half-battery
Mobilized at Høytorp.The motorized 10.5 cm gun battalion (12 guns) did only manage to field 2 guns (lack of rubber for the wheels!), organized as a half-battery. It was put under the command of II/AR1.
commander: captain Gudmundsen
2 off, 28 men, 2 10.5cm guns, 6 vehicles
kompanie Orre (infantry company) set up at Høytorp.
commander: major Orre
(5 off, 60 men, 3 LMG, 2 HMG)
intendanturkp.1 (supply company) was set up south of Trøgstad
and began work on 12.April evening.
Was under formation around Mysen, with an improvised organization (I, II, III/IR1 and the school battalion as infantry battalions, and II/AR1 as the artillery battalion), when the Norwegian defense along river Glåma collapsed.
I.R.2 (Infantry Regiment 2) in Oslo
I/IR2 was already mobilized as part of the neutrality defense, and was stationed at Stavanger when the invasion came.
II/IR2 mobilization was stopped before it began, when Oslo capitulated to the Germans.
L/IR2 mobilization was stopped before it began, when Oslo capitulated to the Germans.
West of Oslofjord
I.R.3 (Infantry Regiment 3) at Kongsberg
The regiment, with depots outside Kongsberg, already had one battalion mobilized as neutrality defense (I/IR3). It was stationed at Kristiansand. The rest of the regiment mobilized according to plan, but the regiment surrendered without fight on 14.April
I/IR3 was already mobilized and stationed at Kristiansand
II/IR3 was mobilized according to plan.
Lvbat/IR3 was mobilized according to plan.
Within D.K.2 (2nd District Command)
In Oslo area
Oslo held many of the higher commands of the army, and many military schools. The combat units with barracks and depots in the Oslo area were the royal guard battalion (Garden), the 2nd Infantry Regiment and the Anti Aircraft Regiment. There were also local defense companies of the 4th Infantry Regiment with depots in Oslo. Due to the early occupation of Oslo virtually no units with depots there managed to mobilize. Exceptions were one AA-gun battery.
H.O.K. (Army over command) (about 150 off and men)
Garden (Guards battalion)
- 1.kp under training at Terningmoen (Mosjöen) on 9.April (12 off, 131 men)
- 2.kp in Oslo on 9.April.
- 3.kp in Oslo on 9.April.
- 4.kp in Oslo on 9.April (12 off, 140 men) Sent to disarm the survivors from Blücher early in the morning.
Krigsskolen (Cadet school) (4 off, 68 cadets)
Skoleeskadronen (Cavalry officer school squadron) (8 off, 92 pupils, 75 horses, 6 LMG).
Artillery officer school
- Field art. section moved to Gardermoen and was set up as 2.feltbatteri (see A.R.2)
- AA-art. section joined Oslo AA-defense
Engineer officer school (11 off, 104 pupils)
2.Division recruit school (3 off, 40 trained and 20 untrained recruits)
Jagevingen (Fighter wing)
The ground personnel from the Fighter wing at Fornebu ()
Speidevingen (reconnaissance wing)
The ground personnel for the reconnaissance wing were set up at Kjeller 8.April to relieve the bomber wing personnel at Sola (Stavanger). Got off the train at Drammen on 9.April and marched north. (3 off, 80 men, 4 HMG)
Luftvernsregimentet (Anti Aircraft Regiment)
The regiment had depots and workshops at Skar Apart from the anti aircraft artillery already mobilized and in position around the district (see army organization page), one battery was mobilized in Oslo (at Bjerke). The rest of the units in Oslo capitulated on 9.April.
- battery Bjerke (2 75mm AAguns)
A command was created for the units within D.K.2 (2nd District Command) fighting west of lake Mjösa, which in its turn created subcommands for different sectors. It did not follow the normal command structure of H.O.K - Division - Brigade etc, thus the rather "informal" names
Oberst Morks staff
Oberst Mork had command of all units within D.K.2 west of lake Mjösa.
commander: oberst Carl Mork (commander of I.R.6)
strength: 13 off, 32 men
Group command Abildgaard
Major Abildgaard had command of the sector north of Hönefoss (i.e. not the Roa sector or Ådalen - these sectors seems not to have had any separate staff units though)
commander: major Theodor Abildgaard
strength: 9 off, ? men
I.R.6 (Infantry Regiment 6) at Hönefoss
The regiment, with the main depots at Helgelandsmoen just north of Hönefoss, arranged an improvised mobilization. First a few roadblock-detachments were organized to guard further mobilization, then infantry companies were filled as men turned up. They were organized into three platoons with four squads each (each with a Madsen LMG). The machine gun companies were not set up, instead independent machine gun platoons were attached to the infantry companies. The two field battalions were set up with the eight first organized companies, thus the numbering became unorthodox. Observe that many of the companies in the battalions were fighting at the front before the battalions themselves were formed.
Simultaneously with the mobilization going on at Helgelandsmoen, the depots were evacuated to Brandbu, 25km north, beginning 10.April and working at night.
The depots of the local defense battalion (Lv/IR6) were first evacuated to Soknedalen, and on 13.April further up northwest to Ådalen (the valley of river Som).
The first German bombing of the depots at Helgelandsmoen came 11.April, with little material damage (until then the Germans had avoided bombing, hoping for a Norwegian capitulation).
OBS: in the strength data below, "# off" stands for officers and NCO down to sergeant (I think).
2 "roadblock"-detachments ready 9.April 12:00 (15-20 men and 1
1 "roadblock"-detachment ready 10.April morning (15-20 men and 1 heavy machinegun)
I/IR6 ready 14.April (became motorized)
- HQ.kp. ready 12.April afternoon (parts not until 13.April) (21 off, 218 men, 2 mortars)
- kp.1 ready 11.April 17:00 at Helgelandsmoen (10 off, 120 men, 3 LMG (later 9 LMG))
- kp.3 ready 10.April 22:00 at Helgelandsmoen (12 off, 150 men, 12 LMG)
- kp.4 ready 12.April evening at Brandbu (9 off, 172 men, 14 LMG)
- kp.5 (no 1) ready 11.April 23:45 at Helgelandsmoen (12 off, 90 men, 12 LMG) (disbanded after heavy losses on 12.April)
- kp.8 (replaced kp.5) ready 13.April 15:30 at Brandbu (9 off, 170 men, 8 LMG)
- one machine gun platoon ready 11.April at Helgelandsmoen
from 13.April all companies had one machine gun platoon attached.
II/IR6 ready 14.April
- HQ.kp. ready 12.April afternoon at Brandbu (supply plat. 13.April)
- kp.2 ready 12.April afternoon at Brandbu. (6 off, 158 men, 16 LMG)
- kp.5 (no 2) ready 13.April 19:00 (with officers from first kp.5) (7 off, 166 men, 3 LMG)
- kp.6 setup 10 - 12.April at Brandbu. Ready 12.April morning. (7 off, 127 men, 12 LMG)
- kp.9 setup 12 - 14.April at Brandbu. Ready 14.April 15:00 (5 off, 130 men, 2 LMG and no signal equipment)
from 13.April all companies had one machine gun platoon attached, with 2 Colt HMG each.
- kp.7 ready 12.April afternoon at Brandbu (HMG platoon attached)
- kp.11 ready 12.April afternoon at Brandbu (109 off and men, no machine guns)
- kp.12 ready 12.April 16:00 at Brandbu (ski company, only 3 LMG)
- kp.13 (Sörkedalen kp.) set up 13.April from volunteers (ski company, 150 off and men, 1 HMG, 3 LMG)
- HQ.kp without mortar platoon, signal equipment and much more. (23 off, 25 men)
- Lv.kp.1 ready 11.April evening in Soknedalen (8 off., 100 men, 7 LMG)
- Lv.kp.2 ready 13.April in Soknedalen (10 off, 55 men, 8 LMG; 21.April 108 men)
- Lv.kp.3 on neutrality watch at Horten. Capitulated on 9.April.
- Lv.kp.3 (no 2) ready 14.April noon at Lunde in Ådalen (10 off, 125 men, 4 LMG) merged with Lv.kp.2 17.April
- Lv.kp.3 (no 3) ready 17.April noon at Brandbu (10 off, 125 men, 7 LMG)
- Lv.kp.4 ready 14.April noon at Finsand in Ådalen (machine gun company, 15 off, 150 men, 9 HMG)
- Depot unit (25 to 250 men)
Övelsebat./IR6 (Training battalion)
Ingenjörsreg (Engineer regiment) at Hönefoss
The engineer regiment had their depot at Hvalsmoen just south of Hönefoss. They should mobilize four liaison companies and four pioneer companies for the four brigades in southern Norway. In addition they should mobilize some army level engineer units (bridge units, radio stations etc).
The depots were dispersed starting on 10.April to protect against air raids. On 11.April the first bombing came, with considerable material damage to the main depots
All units were finished with their organization 13.April, though many units had been on missions since 11.April.
The units were set up fully motorized (organization called for mixed horse/motorized).
Pionerbataljon (pioneer battalion)
- Pi.kp.1 (20 off, 140 men)
- Pi.kp.2 (7 off, 122 men)
- Pi.kp.3 was in Bergen on 9.April
- Pi.kp.4 (27 off, 202 men)
Telegrafbataljon (telegraph battalion)
The four telegraph companies called for by the organization plans were instead mobilized as two "sambandskp." (liaison companies).
- 1.Sambandskp. (later divided into two)
- 2.Sambandskp. (1 radio group, 1 station (telephone) group, 1 construction group, 1 rifle group) (20 off, 150 men)
- Depot unit (14 off, 37 men)
The bridge companies were not mobilized.
Lv.pi.kp.1 (local defense pioneer comp.) (14.April: 7 off, 50 men)
7.bilkp. (transport company) at Hokksund
Set up 10 - 11.April at Hokksund (west Drammen) (230 men, 50 - 60 vehicles)
Much equipment missing, rifles and ammunition for instance.
The depots of 3.Hestetren (horse supply unit) and 3.Hestereserve (horse reserve unit) meant for Mountain artillery battalion I at Evje (and not mobilized) were used to supplement some missing equipment
Bilavd. (transport detachment) set up at Brandbu 11.April.
Increased in size over time and was later organized under 4.Brigade as Bilkp.4
(see 4.Brigade) (11.April: 3 off, 40 men, 3 vehicles)
commander: lt. Hemsen
The area around Gardermoen held the biggest concentration of military depots in Norway. Within a limited area there were depots for I.R.4 at Trandum, D.R.1 in Akershusleiren at Gardermoen, parts of D.R.2 in Oplandsleiren at Gardermoen and A.R.2 in Artillerileiren at Gardermoen. In addition there were depots for transport and supply companies. As the area was threatened by the Germans in Oslo, the Division decided to as quickly as possible mobilize as much personnel as possible at the depots during the night 9-10.April and then evacuate the area. Except for the artillery, the mobilization was entirely improvised with total disregard for planned organization and were the personnel belonged. This was done to maximize speed. The units were motorized as much as possible from the vehicles belonging to the units in the area, and requisitioned civil vehicles. Depots not used by these improvised units were first evacuated a few kilometers north and west, where further organization were done, and then north and west to the Toten and Hadeland area. Much of the evacuation were done with civilians (farmers with horses).
I.R.4 (Infantry Regiment 4) at Trandum
The depots at Trandum was hastily evacuated north during 10.April. From the men that turned up during 9th and 10th April a weak battalion was formed, called Bataljon Torkildsen (from the commander - major Eystein Torkildsen). The
Battalion Torkildsen (18 off, 173 men, 4 HMG)
Hastily mobilized at Trandum during the night 9-10.April, from the depots of D.R.2 and I.R.4. The personnel were from the district and were from all branches. The strength of the battalion at 04:00 on 10.April was 173 men, 18 officers, 4 HMG. They had no LMG. They were organized into two companies and a machine gun platoon.
I/IR4 (13.April: 35 off, 263 men)
Arrived to Hofsvangen (Toten) 13.April morning.
Commander: major Matheson
- kp.1 (60-70 men, ? LMG)
- kp.2 (50 men, 4 LMG)
- kp.3 (49 men, 7 LMG)
- kp.4 (7 off, 82 men, 8 HMG)
II/IR4 (36 off, 197 men, 14 LMG, 4 HMG)
Set up began at Trandum 9.April. Night to 10.April the unit moved to Vålaugmoen were mobilization continued until 12.April, when the unit marched over the Hadeland ridge to join the Roa group. The unit was entirely set up on ski.
D.R.1 (Cavalry Regiment 1) at
The depots at Gardermoen was hastily evacuated north during 10.April. From the men that turned up during 9th and 10th April a battalion was formed, called Bataljon Andvord (from the commander - rittmester Richard Andvord)
- 1.hjulerytterkp. was already mobilized and stationed outside Kristiansand on 9.April
Hastily mobilized at Gardermoen during the night 9-10.April, from the depots of D.R.1. The personnel were from the district and were from all branches.
500 men were organized into five squadrons of 100men each, each squadron with three platoons of three squads each. Half the battalion was motorized. It ran into the German paratroopers returning from Spillers raid on 10.April and all the equipment and officers were captured by the Germans.
D.R.2 (Cavalry Regiment 2) at Oplandsleiren (Gardermoen)
Two companies of D.R.2 had their depots at Gardermoen (2.hjulerytteresk. and 2.hjulerytterkp.).
- Esk.Quist (cavalry squadron) was set up from the depots during the night 9-10.April. It was motorized and was captured by the Germans (Spillers raid) while moving north for further organization.
A.R.2 (Artillery Regiment 2) at Artillerileiren (Gardermoen)
Artilleribataljon Hegestad (major Roar Hegstad)
Hastily mobilized at Gardermoen during the night 9-10.April. With battery.4/A.R.2 and the school battery as nucleus, it was organized into three batteries with 4 75mm guns each, and a staff battery. One of the batteries were motorized. The motorized battery was captured by the German paratroopers returning from Spillers raid on 10.April.
The other two batteries operated on both sides of lake Mjösa. The two horse transported batteries marched north an finished their organization at Löten (east Hamar).
- stab, stabskp. (HQ) set up 10-11.April at Gardermoen (8 off, 45 men)
- 1.feltbatteri set up 10-11.April at Gardermoen from Btt.4/AR2
(strength 15.April: 15 off, 135 men, 4 7.5cm guns, 3 cars, 3 trucks, 100 horses)
- 2.feltbatteri set up 10-11.April at Gardermoen from the school battery (10 off, 32 men, 4 7.5cm field guns -
later more men were added and 15.April it had: 14 off, 143 men, 4 guns, 3 cars, 3 trucks, 100 horses)
- Btt.3 (or Btt. Hellum) (motorized) set up 10.April at Gardermoen from various personnel.
Captured by the Germans (Spillers raid) while moving north for further organization.
(strength 10.April: 75 off and men, 4 75mm gun)
- Batteri Jahren (kapten Hans Kristian Jahren) set up at
Gardermoen 10-11.April and then marched north to Toten where it arrived
12.April. (11.April 12:30: 9 off, 32 men, 4 7.5cm gun, 2 amm.wagon, 1 pack
wagon, 26 horses)
- Batteri Christophersen (kapten Christoffersen) set up at Gardermoen 10-11.April and then moved to Vålaug about 10 km northwest. From Vålaug it marched west through the snow over the Hadeland ridge to Hadeland on 13-14.April.
Set up 11.April in Hurdalen (13 off, 80 men)
In Kongsvinger castle the main depots of the local defense battalion of I.R.4 was situated. There were also an old fortification guarding the approach from Sweden. These depots were used to mobilize a battalion, here called Kongsvinger battalion. The unit was totally improvised.
Kongsvinger bataljon (strengths as of 14.April)
- stab (HQ and staff) (10 off, 60 men)
- Engelbretsens guard det. (28 men, 2 HMG)
- Gamsts kp. (8 off, 130 men, 1 HMG)
- Örens det. (2 off, 40 men, 3 HMG)
- Rustads kp. (5 off, 90 men, 2 HMG)
- Vangeruds kp. (3 off, 83 men, 1 HMG)
- Hoels kp. (3 off, 70 men)
- Benckerts kp. (7 off, 135 men, 1 HMG) Volunteers from Finnish Winter War. Arrived to Kongsvinger 14.April.
- Löfgaards work det. (2 off, 110 men)
- Davidsens volunteer det. (6 off, 34 men)
Around Hamar the 2nd Dragoon regiment had depots, and in Elverum (east of Hamar) and near Lillehammer the 5th Infantry Regiment had depots. These units could mobilize under relatively ordered circumstances as the area were unthreatened by the Germans until after 17.April (except for Spillers raid on 9-10.April). As there were more equipment than called for by the units in the organization, the mobilized units were beefed up, and units mobilized at other locations were filled out.
D.R.2 (Cavalry Regiment 2) at Hamar
Most of D.R.2 could mobilize in relatively ordered circumstances in the Hamar area which, except for Spillers raid on 9-10.April, were unthreatened by the Germans until after 17.April. Exceptions were two bicycle companies (2.hjulerytterkp. and 2.hjulerytteresk.) which had their depots at Gardermoen.
- Stabsesk. (HQ-comp.) Set up in Hamar (5 off, 115 men, 6 cars, 12 trucks)
- Vang esk. (motorized rifle comp.) Set up as motorized instead of with horses
(19 off, 261 men, 2 HMG, 16 LMG)
- Ringsaker esk. (rifle comp.) (264 off and men)
- Stange mitr.esk. (motorized MG-comp.) Set up as motorized instead of with horses.
Got a small rifle plat. besides planned org. (11 off, 189 men, 9 HMG, 2 LMG, 23 trucks)
- Motormitr.esk. (motorized MG-comp.) Got a small rifle plat. besides planned org.
(130 off and men, 9 HMG, 2 LMG, 25 vehicles)
- bbk.tropp. (motorized mortar platoon) Set up as motorized instead of with horses
Got a small mg-plat. besides planned org.(7off, 70 men, 2 mortars, 1 HMG, 2 LMG)
- Esk. Baekkevold (rifle comp) extra company (88 men)
I.R.5 (Infantry Regiment 5) at Elverum
I.R.5 had their head quarter and main depots at Elverum. Its 2nd battalion and a local defense company had depots at Jörstadmoen north of Lillehammer, and one local defense company had depots at Starum in Toten (west of Mjösa). Mobilization was temporarily disrupted by the confusion around Spillers raid on the night 9-10.April, and the need to block German advance north through Kongsvinger forced splitting up units before they were finished with set up. On 11.April the Germans bombed Elverum intensively, but losses and damage to the military units were limited.
I/IR5 set up in Elverum (14.April: 59 off, 734 men, 2 mortars,
- stabskp. (HQ and staff comp.) (18 off, 147 men)
- kp.1 (7 off, 117 men)
- kp.2 (8 off, 153 men)
- kp.3 (8 off, 162 men)
- kp.4H (horse drawn MG-comp) (6 off, 80 men, 6 HMG)
- kp.4M (motorized MG-comp) (6 off, 75 men, 8 HMG) later dispatched
Lvbat/IR5 (strengths as of 14.April)
- stabskp. (HQ and staff comp.) set up in Elverum without mortar and liaison platoon (15 off, 50 men)
- lv.kp.1 set up 10-11.April in Elverum (10 off, 129 men)
- lv.kp.2 no 2 set up in Elverum to replace lv.kp.2, which were in Toten (see Toten area) (10 off, 142 men)
- lv.kp.3 no 2 set up in Elverum to replace lv.kp.3, which were in Toten (9 off, 130 men)
- lv.kp.4 (MG-comp.) set up in Elverum. (7 off, 100 men, 5 HMG)
Övelseavd./IR5 (training unit) Set up to take care of untrained personnel.
Guard company: Set up to guard against paratroopers (17.April: 6 off, 134 men)
I.R.5 at Jörstadmoen
At Jörstadmoen, northwest of Lillehammer, was the depots of II/I.R.5 and lv.kp.3 (for Lvbat./I.R.5). II/IR5 was already mobilized at 9.April. A number of small units and guard detachments were set up with the equipment still in the depots. Altogether about 1000 men were equipped at Jörstadmoen.
II/IR5 were already mobilized and stationed at Trandum on 9.April (9.April:
66 off, 732
They had their depots at Jörstadmoen northwest of Lillehammer.
A number (four?) of guard detachment were set up 10.April to guard all approaches to Lillehammer.
One of these were 13.April sent to group Mork, west of Mjösa, and joined the Roa force on 15.April. It became known as Lv.kp./IR5 (3 off, 80 men, 6 LMG).
The following days more guard units were set up, and reinforcements were sent to units in other districts. The guard units were mainly used to guard against paratroopers around Mjösa and in Gudbrandsdal.
Transport units: In Östre Gausdal (east Lillehammer) a number
of improvised transport companies were set up. Otherwise the only transport
company that managed to mobilize more or less according to plan was Bilkp.7 at
- Bilkp.1 set up in Östre Gausdal with two transport platoons. Ready 14.April. Commander: kapt. Tufte
- Bilkp.2 set up in Östre Gausdal with two transport platoons. Ready 14.April. Commander: kapt. Norland
- Bilkp.8 set up in Östre Gausdal as guard unit as no vehicles were available. Commander: kapt. Pramm
- A workshop were established at Veistein in Vestre Gausdal.
In Toten area (west of lake Mjösa, south of Gjövik) there were depots for a local defense squadron of D.R.2 (Toten lv.esk.), a local defense company of I.R.5 and some support units to A.R.2. These depots were used to mobilize a lot of personnel, that were used to set up units and to fill out units that were set up at other locations. There were however no machine guns in these depots, thus HMG and LMG were delivered from Jörstadmoen (Lillehammer).
A sector command was set up for the Toten area 14.April, under oberst Dahl.
(6 off, 10 men)
- Toten lv.esk. (6 off, 150 men, 2 LMG, 2 HMG, motorized) mobilized in Hofsvangen. Ready 11.April
A number of units were set up from the depots of Lv.kp.2/IR5 at
Starum (ca 280 men) and from the Artillery depot there.
- kp. Kohman (strength 13.April: 5 off, 60 men)
- kp. Refsum (strength 12.April: 1 off, 60 men, 1 HMG, 1 LMG)
- kp. Viken (strength 14.April: 70 off and men)
- kp. Riddervold (Andersen) (150 men, 2 HMG, 1 LMG)
- tr. Tærud (strength 13.April: 2 off, 23 men)
A motorized supply unit was set up to service the units in Toten.
Commander: oberstlöytnant Olsön-Lunde
(11 off, 32 men, 5 trucks, 1 car, 1 MC)
Within D.K.3 (District Command 3)
In Stavanger area
Outside Stavanger, at Madlamoen was the barracks of I.R.8. There the depots of II/I.R.8 and a motorized MG-company were located. I/I.R.8 had depots at Sviland. The local defense battalion had their depots at Ålgård and Egersund. There was an independent company at Haugesund, sorting under I.R.8.
On 9.April II/I.R.2 was stationed at Madlamoen and the Haugesund company was mobilized in Haugesund. There were also the army air-force bomber wing at Sola airfield. The Norwegians abandoned Madlamoen early on 9.April and didn't manage to evacuate more than a lesser part of the depots there. Depots for two local defense companies in Egersund was also lost.
Avsnittskommando (Sector Command) (16 off, 13 men)
commander: oberst G. Spørck
I/IR2 (infantry battalion) was stationed at Madlamoen since 29.Mars (8.April:
combat: 49 off, 582 men; non-combat: 18 off, 155 men)
commander: major G. Lorange
I/IR8 (infantry battalion) depots were evacuated from Sviland to Dirdal and
Gilja during the night 9-10.April. Set up began in Sviland 9.April (combat: 73
off, 647 men; non-combat: 7 off, 86 men)
commander: major F.O. Brandt
- staff company set up mainly in Dirdal
- 1.kp set up 10-11.April in Dirdal
- 2.kp set up ready 12.April in Gilja
- 3.kp set up ready 14.April in Dirdal
- 4.kp set up began at Svidal (10.April 03:00 two platoons, 6 HMG) ready 14.April in Dirdal (3 platoons, 8 HMG)
Bombevingen (Bomber wing ground personnel) organized with a MG-platoon, a
rifle platoon and a pioneer squad.
(9 off, 88 men, 3 HMG)
commander: lt. A. Smith
Haugesund company (indep. infantry company) was stationed in Haugesund
9.April. The size increased over time and it was finally reorganized into a
battalion (see below).
(16 off, 173 men, 12 LMG, 3 HMG, 1 car, 8 trucks, 3 MC, 23 bicycles)
commander: captain R. Westbøe
Haugesund battalion was set up 22.April with the Haugesund company as core.
It had three rifle companies, a MG-platoon and support units. It got two 75mm
AA-guns from ships and mounted them on trucks.
(41 off, 357 men, )
commander: captain R. Westbøe
In Kristiansand lies the barracks and depots of I.R.7, and at Evje, further inland, was the depots of Bg.art.bat. I (1st mtn.art.battalion) and several supply and depot units.
9.April the district command, an infantry battalion (I/I.R.3), a bicycle company (hj.kp.1) a mountain art. battery (bg.btt.5 of bg.art.bat.II) the air defense posts and the school of 3.Div was organized in the area.
When the Germans took Kristiansand on 9.April a little equipment was evacuated. Most units mobilized used the equipment stored at Evjemoen. The units mobilizing were continuously evacuated further north, as the district commander decided to avoid fighting as long as possible, thus the mobilization became rather ad hoc.
Group staff set up 9.April on Gimlemoen
commander: major F. Backer
Group Eriksen set up with one rifle platoon and one MG-platoon 9.April on
commander: captain O.G. Eriksen
Regimental staff assembled in Bygland 11.April (5 off)
commander: oberst L. Gladstad
Platoon Dramdal (rifle plat.) set up in Grenna (Lande) 10.April (4 off,
commander: captain B. Dramdal
Company Seeberg (four rifle plat.) set up in Grenna (Lande) 10.April evening
(6 off, ? men)
commander: captain N.K. Aakhus, later captain F. Seeberg
Company Løvland (four rifle plat. and one MG-plat.) set up in Bygland
commander: captain Løvland
Battalion Lørdahl (staff company, three rifle companies and one
set up in Hyllestad (Rysstad) 12.April. It had personnel according to plan but limited equipment.
commander: major Lørdahl
Gendarmeriavd. (military police unit) (6 off, 28 men); commander: captain I.G.
Bruvaktavd. (bridge guard unit) (1 off, 70 men); commander: captain C. Greibroks
platoon Vinje (5 off, 42 men); lt. J. Bergve
Telefonvaktavd. (telephone guard unit) (1 off, 24 men); commander: lt. Egeland
Set up began on Evjemoen. On 11.April it was evacuated to Bygland further up in the mountains.
commander: oberstlt. B. Ullern
- Staff battery
3.Divisjon staff stationed in Kristiansand on 9.April
commander: generalmajor E. Liljedahl
I/IR3 (infantry battalion) stationed in and around Kristiansand since
28.Mars. Organized according to plan (two platoons detached to defend Kjevik
commander: major P.S. Tollersrud
- Staff company
commander: captain H. Vetlesen
commander: captain R. Rasmussen
commander: captain A. H. Kleppan
commander: captain P. E. Marcussen
- Kp.4 (machine gun)
commander: captain A. Tornerud
Hj.kp.1 (bicycle company) stationed at Evjemoen since 28.Mars (10 off, 100
commander: lt. Sigvard Tallaksen
Kjevik defence unit (one rifle platoon and one mg-platoon detached from
commander: captain K. Sundby
Bg.btt.5 (mountain art. battery) stationed at Evjemoen since 28.Mars.
commander: major Damm
3.Div school - 148 recruits with various training, most in Kristiansand on
commander: captain Christian Bjone
3.Div pioner- og sambandsstab (pioneer and liaison staff) set up to compensate for the missing pioneer and liaison companies. Used civilian workers.
Int.kp.3 (supply company) was not set up according to plan, but an
commander: captain E. Helland
Bilkp.3 (transport company) set up 10-13.April at Evjemoen. Worked with
evacuation simultaneously with set up.
(11.April: 4 off, 31 men, 23 vehicles)
commander: captain R. Storm
San.kp.3 (sanitary company) set up 10-12.April at Landeskogen
commander: G. Guldahl
Feltsykehus Landskogen (field hospital) ready 11.April
commander: captain Arne Petersen
Feltsykehus Bygland (field hospital) ready 12.April
commander: lt. Egil Eitrem
Within D.K.4 (District Command 4)
I/I.R.9 and pionerkp.3 was the only combat units already organized within the area on 9.April. Pionerkp.3 was in Bergen on transit home from Stavanger to the camp Hvalsmoen at Hönefoss and II/I.R.9 was stationed at Ulven (depot and barracks outside Bergen). In addition there were 4.Div school in Voss, which had the strength of a weak company, and some headquarter units (District Command, Anti aircraft command).
Bergen was quickly occupied by the Germans on 9.April and the coastal fortress and kp.1 of I/IR9 surrendered. The depots of I.R.9 outside Bergen were also occupied, but the important garrison town Voss was unthreatened, and there the 10th Infantry Regiment, the 2nd Mountain Artillery Battalion and misc. other units could mobilize under relatively ordered circumstances.
Beginning from 16.April, a large section of the forces in the Voss area were
ordered to the main theater of operation in eastern Norway. In the end the
entire 4.Bigade (the biggest Norwegian combat unit in southern Norway) were
transferred. The following transfers were made:
16.April one battalion (I/IR10) and a half battery was ordered east.
18.April oberst G. Østbye with staff, one battalion (II/IR10) and a liaison platoon was ordered east.
19.April the brigade staff of Brig.4, one battalion (II/IR9), the rest of mountain art.bat.II and a sanitary company (san.kp.4) were ordered east.
The transports were done by rail and usually by night. Each of the forces above were separated into two groups, doing the transfer on the two nights after the order.
Already organized units
District Command (24.April: 33 off, 61 men, 3 vehicles)
commander: Gen.maj. W. Steffens
Voss command (24.April: 4 off, 9 men)
commander: oberst S. Blom
I/IR9 (inf. battalion) was already organized on 9.April and
stationed at Ulven, south of Bergen.
commander: major C.J.E. Stenersen
- staff (24.April: 5 off, 5 men)
- staff company (24.April: 24 off, 210 men)
- kp.1 (first setup) surrendered on 9.April (9.April: 9 off, 134 men)
- kp.1 (second setup) setup began 16.April; four platoons (24.April: 10 off, 194 men)
- kp.2 (24.April: 10 off, 130 men)
- kp.3 (24.April: 10 off, 150 men)
- kp.4 (machine gun company) (24.April: 11 off, 150 men)
Mobilized after 9.April
II/IR9 (inf. battalion) mobilized using the depots of Lvbat./IR10
(52 off, 469 men, 60 horses, 11 cars/trucks, 36 LMG, 6 HMG)
commander: major K. Haanes to 24.April
I/IR10 (inf. battalion) (60 off, 747 men, ? horses, ? cars/trucks, 27 LMG, 9
commander: major P.G. Løken
II/IR10 (inf. battalion) (60 off, 691 men, 81 horses, ? cars/trucks, ca:32
LMG, 8 HMG)
commander: captain Skarstein to 24.April
Hj.kp.4 (bicycle company set up on ski)
commander: captain N.O. Øvsthus
Hj.kp.8 (bicycle company) (24.April: 14 off, 120 men)
commander: lieutenant P. Bach
II.Bergbat. (mountain art. battalion)
(25 off, 320 men, 128 horses (motorized from 25.April), 8 7.5cm mtn.gun, 6 HMG)
Pi.kp.3 (pioneer company) was on transfer in Bergen on 9.April. 3 off and 26
men lost on 9.April.
(24.April: 8 off, 150 men, 44 horses, 9 vehicles)
commander: captain S. Heksem to 11.April, lt. Tveten from 11.April
Pi.kp.4 (pioneer company) set up with personnel meant for
pi.kp.4 but with equipment from various sources, as the depots were in
Hönefoss. (6 off, 60 men, 6 cars/trucks)
commander: captain T.E. Bjørnseth
Bilkp.4 (transport comp.) set up at Voss (8 off, 184 men, 58
vehicles, 4 MC)
commander: captain J.M.J. Wethal
Sanitetskp.4 (medical comp.) (7off, 153 men, 26 horses, 2 cars/trucks (later
commander: captain O. Martens
Intendenturkp.4 (supply comp.)
commander: captain S. Hauge
Samlingsplass Voss: (collection point unit) Set up on 9.April
to handle the arrival of conscripts and guard the mobilization (9.April: 3 off,
120 men; 24.April: 3 off, 100 men)
commander: captain Thomassen
Guard company Tvildemoen: Set up began on 13.April to guard
the mobilization in Voss area.
(24.April: 11 off, 145 men)
commander: captain O. Aarbergsbotten
Platoon Tillier (rifle platoon) (24.April: 2 off, 40 men)
Guard unit Gudvangen (24.April: 3 off, men detached from Jernbane vaktavd.)
Railroad guard detachment set up 10.April to guard the railroads. Size increased 13.April. (10.April: 5 off, 60 men; 24.April: 7 off, 108 men)
Guard and depot unit Sogndal began organizing 22.April (7 off,
Guard and depot unit Lærdal began organizing 22.April (3 off, 50 men)
Guard and depot unit Førde began organizing 22.April (15 off, 130 men)
- Kp.Rambech (2 off, 100 men)
Guard and depot unit Nordfjord began organizing 22.April (10 off, 160 men)
4.Div skole (military school unit) The school at Voss was
organized as a company on 9.April. 5 off and 100 men detached to other units.
(24.April: 9 off, 75 men)
commander: cpt. K. Aarra
Övelsebat./4.Div (training battalion) Organized 18-22.April.
Set up as staff and three companies.
(24.April: 45 off, 390 men)
commander: major E.W. Lövestad
Övelseavd/Bg.art.bat.II (artillery training unit) (24.April:
14 off, 150 men, 4x75mm mtn gun, 3x65mm mtn gun)
commander: cpt. S. Kvam
Vestlandet Lfv.kommando (anti aircraft command) evacuated from
Bergen to Voss on 9.April.
- staff (5 off, 11 men)
- luftverntropp (AA-platoon) got new guns at Voss (7 off, 55 men)
- some air watch positions
Units dispatched east and south
The units described below are put together from units mobilized in the Bergen area. The composite units not found above (found in the 4th Brigade) were set up in another area (i.e. Valdres)
Commander: Oberst Gudbrand Østbye
The 4.Brig was mobilized and organized at Voss and then ordered east to join the forces fighting north of Oslo. It consisted of the following units (in addition the Lvbat./IR6 were added to the Brigade after the relocation to the east, were it came to fight in Valdres):
- 4.Brigadekommando (Brigade HQ) (18 off, 27 men, 4 horses, 4
- II/IR9 (inf. bat.) (52 off, 469 men, 60 horses, 11 cars/trucks, 36 LMG, 6 HMG)
commander: major K. Haanes to 24.April
- I/IR10 (inf. bat.) (60 off, 747 men, ? horses, ? cars/trucks, 27 LMG, 9 HMG)
commander: major P.G. Løken
- II/IR10 (inf. bat.) (60 off, 691 men, 81 horses, ? cars/trucks, ca:32 LMG, 8 HMG)
commander: captain Skarstein to 24.April
- Kp. Brinch (rifle comp.) (24.April: 6 off, 111 men, 3 LMG)
- Kp. Takla (mixed rifle and MG) (8 off, 149 men, 1 LMG, 4 HMG))
- Skikp. Ula (ski company) set up 21-23.April in V.Sildre (9 off, 110 men, 6 LMG)
- II.Bergbat. (mountain art. battalion)
(25 off, 320 men, 128 horses (motorized from 25.April), 8 7.5cm mtn.gun, 6 HMG)
commander: oberstlt. N.H. Henningsmoen
- sambandstropp (liaison platoon) (2 off, 30 men, 10 horses, 1 car/truck)
the liaison platoon of the mountain art.bat., but worked as liaison unit of the whole brigade.
- pionerkp.4 (pioneer comp.) the depots were at Hönefoss but it was mobilized with equipment from various sources
(6 off, 60 men, 6 cars/trucks)
commander: captain T.E. Bjørnseth
- bilkp.4 (transport comp.) not the same bilkp.4 as organized in Voss. This company grew out from a platoon sized unit that was organized in Brandbu, north Hönefoss, on 11.April.
(21.April: 9 off, 205 men, 40 cars, 8 busses, 85 trucks, 9 tank trucks, 4 service cars, 25 mc)
commander: captain Leif Jensen
- sanitetskp.4 (medical comp.) (7off, 153 men, 26 horses, 2 cars/trucks (later more vehicles))
commander: captain O. Martens
11.April a small force was ordered from Voss to Hallingdal to block German advance from Hönefoss along the Bergen railroad. It left by rail on late evening the same day and was positioned at Gulsvik bridge 16.April.
Commander: kaptein Thoralf Korperud
- pi.kp.3 (pioneer company, except one platoon)
- 3.tr of kp.4/IR9 (HMG-platoon)
On the night to 14.April a small force was sent to Numedal by ski (no open roads to Numedal).
Commander: kaptein Johannes Brun
- 1.tr/school of 4.Div (one rifle platoon on ski)
- 1.tr/pi.kp.3 (one pioneer platoon on ski)
- 1.tr/kp.4/IR10 (HMG-platoon on ski)
As IR3 in Kongsberg capitulated on 13.April the Dagali group was reinforced on 14.April
- hj.kp.4 (bicycle company set up on ski)
commander: lieutenant S.M. Aaberg
- 1 plt from kp.7/IR10 (rifle)
- 1 plt from kp.8/IR10 (machine gun)
- 1/2 plt from Pi.kp.3 (pioneers)
Within D.K.5 (District Command 5)
On the 9.April the district became effectively separated into two parts, when Trondheim fell to the Germans. I have therefore separated the area into three parts; Trondheim area, south of Trondheim and north of Trondheim.
None of the units with depots in or near Trondheim could mobilize. These were IR12, AR3 and Ing.bat.5. A small improvised unit was formed just south of Trondheim, using depots belonging to L/IR12. Another improvised unit was formed at the old fort Ingstadkleiven (Hegra) toward the Swedish border.
Already organized units
A guard detachment of 24 men in Trondheim. 9.April the unit was from IR11.
The unit was disarmed by the Germans but could go back to Dombås where it was
equipped again, and continued to function as guard detachment.
The school of 5.Div had officer and platoon leader schools at Værnes, and basic school in Trondheim. All in all the strength of a company. They evacuated north (see North of Trondheim).
The Trøndelag flygeavdelning (air unit) was based at the Værnes airfield. It was a reconnaissance unit with 9 Fokker biplanes and a Moth, and a base unit. All in all 60-70 off and 200 men. The air unit evacuated to
Distriktkommando.5 (District command)
commander: generalmajor Jacob Ager Laurantzon
- officer course at Værnes
- platoon leader course at Værnes
- basic school (60 men) in Trondheim
All in all 12 off, 2 uoff and 161 men; They gathered at Værnes and organized as a motorized rifle company, fully winter equipped. They operated north of Trondheim. commander: kaptein Harald Silseth
Ing.bat.5 (engineer battalion)
commander: oberstløytnant Nils T. Eggan
Did not mobilize as planned. Men from the battalion were however organized into two small engineer companies by IR11. See "south of Trondheim".
commander: major Thomas F.C. Vetlesen
All in all 60-70 off. and 200 men with some AA machine guns.
The air crafts with half the personnel of the Speidervingen (26 off, 45 men) evacuated to Selbusjøen on the morning of 9.April. The rest capitulated at Værnes on 10.April, due to a strange demobilization order. - stasjonskommando (air field command)
- feltverksted (field workshop)
- speidervingen (air reconnaissance squadron) (9 Fokker biplanes, 1 Tiger Moth, 3 AAMG, 33 off, 111 men)
IR12 at Trondheim
commander: oberst Erland Frisvold
Did not mobilize any troops.
AR3 at Trondheim
Did not mobilize any troops.
Hegra (Ingstadklejven) fort
commander: major Reidar Holterman
The fort was inactive, but major Holterman gathered a number of men there
South of Trondheim
IR11 at Åndalsnes
commander: oberst David Thue
IR11 could mobilize under ordered forms in Åndalsnes. The regimental HQ was situated in Molde, while the barracks and depots were situated at Setnesmoen just outside Åndalsnes. Mobilization didn't start until 11.April due to the unclear circumstances and problem to get in contact with the over command during 9.April, and on 10.April there was fear that German warships could sink the shipping necessary to transport the personnel to the mobilization site.
I/IR11 (inf.battalion) (55 off, 794 men)
commander: kaptein Gunnar Juel
Set up finished 14.April.
II/IR11 (inf.battalion) (55 off, 696 men)
commander: kaptein Ivar Navelsaker
Set up finished at 14.April.
L/IR11 (local defence inf.battalion) (44 off, 703 men)
commander: major Einvald Uri
Set up finished at 15.April. The unit lacked mortar platoon.
III/IR11 (inf.battalion) (39 off, 446 men, 25 horse chariots, 8 trucks)
commander: major Alv Kjös
The battalion was set up 24.April, outside of normal organization plans, using officers that had been unable to reach their assigned unit, and men from IR12 and IR11. It had only a HMG-platoon, instead of a company, and lacked the mortar platoon.
Pi.kp.5 (pioneer bat.) 60 men
Sb.kp.5 (liaison comp.) 60 men
commander: kaptein Örnulf Stadheim
Personnel belonging to the engineer battalion in Trondheim was equipped from the depots of IR11, and organized into two small companies.
Bilkp.5 (transport company) 200 men, 150 vehicles
commander: löytnant Lief Hallesby
Improvised transport unit.
Auxiliary units: Three AA-machine gun platoons and two guard detachments
Kommando Munthe (improvised inf.unit) 20 off, 173 men
commander: kaptein G. Munthe
Improvised unit. Operated in Gaula valley and Röros.
Fyrmalds unit (small inf. unit) (4 off, 27 men)
commander: löytnant Fyrwald
Improvised unit. Stationed at Brekkan as rear area protection.
North of Trondheim
Two regiments, IR13 and DR3, had depots north of Trondheim.
Already organized units
II/IR13 had just been set up at Steinkjersannan in order to relieve I/IR13 in Narvik. They had been organizing since 5.April and were ready by 8.April. Parts of the cavalry regiment DR3 had begun organizing at Rinnleiret (Verdalsøra) on 8.April for neutrality watch.
commander: oberst Andreas Wettre
DR3 had their barraks and main depots at Rinnleiret, at Verdalsøra. On 8.April they had begun mobilizing part of their strength for neutrality watch. That was: a staff company (half strength), a mortar platoon (horse drawn), a motorized machinegun platoon and two bicycle companies. Later (set up began 11.April) the unit was expanded.
- stabseskadron (staff squadron)
- geværsesk. (rifle squadron)
- 3.Hjulrytteresk. (bicycle squadron)
- 5.Hjulrytteresk. (bicycle squadron)
- mitraljøsesk. (machine gun squadron)
- motormitr.esk. (motorized machine gun squadroon)
- bombekastertroppen (mortar platoon)
IR13 at Steinkjer
commander: oberst Ole B. Getz
IR13 had their barraks and main depots at Steinkjersannan, at Steinkjer. On 9.April IR13 had one battalion at Narvik and another just organized at Steinkjer. In addition they organized the local defence battalion L/IR13 and an improvised battalion, III/IR13.
I/IR13 (inf battalion) was on neutrality watch at Narvik since January 1940.
II/IR13 (inf battalion) (50 off, 690 men, 36 LMG, 9 HMG, 2 mortars)
commander: major Kolbjørn Knudsen
Set up finished 8.April.
L/IR13 (local defence inf. bat.)
commander: retired major Olav Aavatsmark
- stabskp. (staff) set up at Haugslia (Verdal) ready 12.April
- lv.kp.1 set up at Haugslia (Verdal) ready on 11.April (100 men, only rifles?)
from 12.April under III/IR13. - lv.kp.2 set up at Grong ready 12.April (80 men on 11.April; 4 off, 104 men, 19 non combat on 19.April)
- guard det. Rødhammer (20 men) at the bottom of Lyngsfjord, ready late at 10.April
- guard det. Vemundvik (18-20 men), ready late at 10.April
- guard det. Snåsa at Viosen
Øvelseavd/IR13 (training unit) (ca 30 men)
commander: retired oberstløytnant Carl Soelberg
From 12.April taken into III/IR13.
III/IR13 (inf battalion)
commander: kaptein Thor Sire
Set up began 12.April at Kvam, using lv.kp.1 from L/IR13, the school company and Øvelseavd/IR13 as cadre.
commander: Ole B. Getz
Within D.K.6 (District Command 6)
District command 6 stretched from Mosjøen in the south to the Soviet
(former finnish) border in the north. Due to the recently finished Winter war
they had been given priority and were relatively well equipped. A number of units
from southern Norway was in the area on neutrality watch.
For geographical reasons the area may be divided between a southern part, from Mosjøen to Bodø, and a northen from Narvik to the Finnish border.
Already organized units
South of Narvik
IR14 at Mosjöen
Narvik and North
IR15 at Elvegardsmoen
The information is mainly taken from the official Norwegian army history "Krigen i Norge".